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Domestic Violence (DV), also known as Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is abuse or aggression that occurs in a romantic relationship. "Domestic" refers to both current and former spouses and dating partners. DV can vary in how often it happens and how severe it is. It can range from one episode of violence that could have lasting impact to chronic and severe episodes over multiple years. DV can include any of the following types of behavior:

  • Physical violence: is when a person hurts or tries to hurt a partner by hitting, kicking, or using another type of physical force.

  • Sexual violence: is forcing or attempting to force a partner to take part in a sex act, sexual touching, or a non-physical sexual event (e.g., sexting) when the partner does not or cannot consent.

  • Stalking: is a pattern of repeated, unwanted attention and contact by a partner that causes fear or concern for one’s own safety or the safety of someone close to the victim.

  • Emotional and Psychological Abuse: includes behaviors that undermine the victim's self-esteem, control their thoughts and emotions, and isolate them from friends and family. Examples include manipulation, constant criticism, humiliation, and intimidation.

  • Financial Abuse: entails controlling the victim's finances, restricting their access to money, and making financial decisions without their input.

Domestic violence is a serious social issue with far-reaching consequences. It can have both immediate and long-term effects on the victim's physical and mental well-being, as well as on the well-being of any children involved. Domestic violence is connected to other forms of violence and is related to serious health issues and economic consequences. However, domestic violence and other forms of violence can be prevented. It's important to recognize the signs of domestic violence and to provide support and resources to victims, as well as holding perpetrators accountable for their actions.


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